Biden, in effort to phase out gasoline-powered cars, to tighten pollution rules
“Depending on how they write it, this second rule will put us on the path to widespread electric vehicle use by the end of this decade – or it won’t,” said Jeff Alson, former engineer. senior and policy advisor to the EPA who worked on Obama’s auto emissions standards.
“It will be a challenge as regulatory agencies find it difficult to force major technological change,” Alson said. âIt’s quite rare. If you want to replace an internal combustion engine with a battery and replace the transmission with electric motors, this replaces the guts of gasoline cars. Forcing this kind of change will not be easy for federal agencies and politicians unless they have the support of the public and the automakers. “
In a joint statement, Ford, General Motors and Stellantis – the automaker formed this year after the Fiat Chrysler and Peugeot merger – announced their “common aspiration” to achieve 40 to 50 percent sales of electric vehicles by 2030 .
But they need government support to translate their aspirations into action, they wrote. “This represents a radical change from today’s US market that can only be achieved with the timely deployment of all electrification policies,” the automakers said in the statement.
Specifically, automakers have said they could not meet the 40-50% goal of electric vehicle sales unless Congress spends billions of dollars on incentives for car buyers, a network of charging, investments in research and development and incentives to expand electric vehicle manufacturing and supply chains.
Mr. Biden asked Congress for $ 174 billion to pay for a network of 500,000 charging stations. The pending infrastructure bill, which could be passed in the Senate as early as this week, includes only a fraction: $ 7.5 billion. A second bill, which could go to Congress this fall, could include more spending on electric vehicles, consumer tax incentives and research. But neither of these bills is guaranteed to pass by a very divided Congress.
A report released last month by the International Council on Clean Transportation, a research organization, concluded that the country would need 2.4 million electric vehicle charging stations by 2030 – up from 216,000 in 2020 – so about 36% of new car sales were electric.